Floodplains by Design (FbD)
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"Floodplains by Design" describes both a regional initiative being piloted in Washington State by The Nature Conservancy and a state capital program being developed by Washington State Department of Ecology. TNC, Ecology and PSP are collaborating in development of a network of committees that work together towards reform of floodplain management, towards the integration of the goals of habitat restoration, farm economy development, and flood hazard reduction. A steering committee aims to define a trajectory toward shared work, and acts through three committees: 1) policy and funding, focused on legislative and agency systems, 2) culture and capacity, which aims to build information sharing among integrated local teams, and 3) monitoring and measurement, which aims to define share systems for tracking floodplain condition.
The following efforts are critical local components of the floodplains by design network:
- Nooksack Floodplain Integrated Management Planning in the Nooksack Watershed
- Snohomish Sustainable Lands Strategy in the Stillaguamish Watershed and Snohomish Watershed
- Green River Watershed work led by King County
- Floodplains for the Future in the Puyallup-White Watershed
- Yakima Integrated Plan
The Floodplains By Design Grant Program
- The state capital program was developed in response to a capital appropriation in the 2013-15 State biennial WDOE budget, which funded an initial 11 Puget Sound projects, largely derived from Lead Entity three year workplans where salmon recovery actions provide multiple beneifits, and provided additional funds for competitive funding.
- The new program decided to extend the effort to State-wide projects, and develop a list for the 2015-17 budget.
- Washington State Department of Ecology program webpage
- The program prepares a project list for legislative review. Appropriations are targetted to specific projects, reducing the programs ability to adjust the funding package after appropriation in response to changes in project status. This is the culmination of a trend toward direct legislative oversight of capital programs which has reduced program staffs ability to adjust funding in the public interest.
The National Initiative
- National TNC Floodplains By Design initiative webpage
- TNC Puget Sound Floodplains webpage
- Floodplain by Design Decision Tool - FbD has developed a ESRI map engine prototype that presents floodplain data and climate change projections.
- Fisher Slough Restoration and Port Susan Restoration are both identified by TNC as examples of multiple-benefit projects.
- Konrad 2015 describes analytic methods--spatial data are available at the USGS publication page.
- The Coordinated Investment has identified flood management coordination
- The Puget Sound Partnership's implementation strategies include a Floodplain Implementation Strategy.