The executive branch of the federal government is divided into departments, agencies and administrations. These workgroups have budgets developed within the agencies, but reviewed by the OMB, and proposed to various legislative branch committees. Through staff labor, the exercise of legal authority, and funding opportunities, these agencies influence ecosystem management in Puget Sound.
The White House Council on Environmental Quality has defined the Puget Sound Federal Task Force as the forum where federal actions are coordinated to support Puget Sound recovery, and integrated with Tribal, State and Local government work.
List of Workgroups in the Federal category
- Environmental Protection Agency
- Federal Emergency Management Agency
- National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
- NOAA National Marine Fisheries Service
- NOAA Restoration Center
- Pacific Northwest Research Station
- Puget Sound Federal Task Force
- US Army Corps of Engineers
- US Department of Agriculture
- US Fish and Wildlife Service
- US Geological Survey
- US Navy
- Three major capital flows define federal funding for ecosystem management:
- Federal actions, including regulation or funding, trigger a set of requirements under federal law including:
- National Environmental Protection Act which defines procedures that agencies must use to consider effects on the human environment when making decisions.
- National Historical Protection Act which requires federal agencies to protect cultural resources.
- Endangered Species Act which requires agencies to consider effects of threatened or endangered species and their habitats.
- And a long list of other requirements and Executive Orders that drive federal policy to greater or lesser degrees.