US Army Corps of Engineers
The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers has a number of authorities, clustered around implementation of the Clean Water Act. Salish Sea work is managed by the Seattle District, led by a Colonel, the District Engineer, on a three year rotation.
- The Civil Works Program could be among the nations largest pathways for Federal restoration capacity in the Salish Sea. USACE has specific procedures for planning that lead to authorization and appropriation, with may checks and balances. Navigating that process requires both financial, technical, and political capacity. Substantial resources are consumed before construction, the local partner may need to make substantial progress before USACE will commit to a project, and ultimately, USACE firmly controls their planning and decision process.
- Greem-Duwamish GI
- Skokomish GI
- Stillaguamish GI
- Puget Sound Nearshore Ecosystem Restoration Project - Nearshore GI
- Dungeness GI
- Section 206
- Section 544 - Puget Sound and Adjacent Waters.
- Levee Management and Flood Response
- Systems Approach to Geomorphic Engineering - an inter-agency initiative focused on developing strategies for shoreline protection. Due to the USACE project-based fiscal model, such initiatives are rare and represent a limited resource for programmatic work.
http://www.nws.usace.army.mil/ - Seattle District
- Clean Water Act - Section 404 regulation of wetlands and other "waters of the United States".
- Rivers and Harbors Act - Section 10 regulation of navigable waterways
- Continuing Authorities Programs - civil works for ecosystem restoration and flood management
- USACE is a major player in Flood Hazard Management, both levee maintenance and emergency response.
- Dredged material management and dredging Operations
- Dam safety
- Army Corps staffing is project driven, with staff having to bill labor to project accounts in 15 minute increments, such that the organization may have difficulty taking on diffuse or speculative programmatic efforts.