Endangered Species Act
The Endangered Species act regulates the behaviors of federal agencies when interacting with species that are in decline such that they face a risk of extinction, and provides tools for regulating, incenting or disincenting the behaviors of others.
The act begins with "The Congress finds and declares that various species of fish, wildlife and plants in the United States have been rendered extinct as a consequence of economic growth and development untempered by adequate concern and conservation;"
- Wikipedia article
- A copy of The Act on a USFWS server
- A more accessible version of the act on the NMFS website.
- Opinions and rules are developed based on the status individual species, with trusteeship for individual species divided between the National Marine Fisheries Service and the US Fish and Wildlife Service.
- NMFS and USFWS published a 'safe harbor policy' in 1999.
- Section 7 of the act requires that all federal agencies implement the act, and consult with the services as necessary to determine compliance.
- Section 10 describes the mechanisms under which the services may permit take.