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A wide variety of federal requirements and regulations apply to federal actions. This may involve a federal funding decision, or issuance of a federal permit. When an effort falls under a federal nexus, this triggers review under National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA).
A project has a federal nexus when a federal agency must take an action on a project. Before the federal agency takes an action environmental impacts must be evaluated under NEPA. Common actions that create a Federal Nexus include:
- Federal land decision required within the project area.
- Federal money is used on the project.
- Federal permits or approvals are required. (From WDOT Glossary)