Hood Canal summer chum salmon
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- Hood Canal summer chum salmon are listed as threatened under the Endangered Species Act.
- Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife web page]
- Hood Canal Coordinating Council web Page
- NOAA web page
- Six current summer chum stocks have been identified in Hood Canal: Quilcene, Dosewallips, Duckabush, Hamma Hamma, Lilliwaup, and Union. Six additional stocks are identified as recent extinctions: Skokomish, Finch, Tahuya, Dewatto, Anderson, and Big Beef. In the Strait of Juan de Fuca, three currently existing stocks have been identified: Snow/Salmon, Jimmycomelately, and Dungeness. Chimacum is noted as a recent stock extinction.
- 1980-1994 - Populations severely depressed
- 1999 - HCSR chum salmon listed under the ESA
- 2004-06 - Hatchery supplementation winds down as part of recovery planning.
- 2012-17 - Populations rebound with reduction of hatchery production and curtailment of harvest
- 2018-19 - Returns crash, attributed to "The Blob" and ocean conditions.
- File:Tuohy et al 2018 hood canal summer chum nearshore use.pdf - provides a summary and assessment of nearshore use differentiating between summer and fall chum.