Peters 2006 horizontal policy management

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Peters, B.G. 2006. Concepts and theories of horizontal policy management. In B.G. Peters & J. Piere eds. Handbook of Public Policy. SAGE publications. 528 pp.


  • Explores concepts of how goverments develop coordinated and coherent policies among branches and levels of government.
  • Identifies emergent properties of hierarchical systems that prevent coordination, including exclusive program-client relationships, legislative power distribution, and the assumption of self-importance within programs.
  • Differentiates between conflict avoidance or "negative coordiation" and active collaboration or "positive coordiation"
  • Points to the value of top-down and bottom-up synergy.
  • Peter's points to the potential for market and network mechanisms to support coordination, in addition to hierarchical mechanisms, and differentiates among these three mechanisms.