Gunderson & Holling 2002 panarchy transformation human natural systems

From Salish Sea Wiki
Jump to: navigation, search


Last Ten Documents

Wiki Rules

  • Wiki text does not reflect the policy or opinion of any agency or organization
  • Please adhere to our social contract
  • Complain here, and be nice.

Link to List of Workgroups Link to List of Efforts Link to List of Resources Link to List of Documents Link to List of Topics Link to List of Places

Link to Headwater Sites Link to Lowland Watershed Sites Link to Floodplain Sites Link to Delta Sites Link to Embayment Sites Link to Beach Sites Link to Rocky Headland Sites

Gunderson, L.H., & C.S. Holling. 2002. Panarchy: understanding transformations in human and natural systems. Island Press, Washington, DC, USA. 507 pp.


  • Provides early analysis applying systems theory to social and ecological systems.
  • Makes arguments for the observation of complex scale-dependent dynamics of social-ecological systems (SES).
  • Proposes unified theory for cyclic reorganization of social-ecological systems based in part on extension of r/K selection theories of ecological system state and actors.
  • Includes case studies exploring frameworks for adaptive management of complex SESs.