Hood Canal

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Hoodcanal.jpg
Hood Canal is a natural fjord separating the Olympic and Kitsap peninsulas. It stretches 68 miles from the northern tip of the Kitsap peninsula to Lynch Cove, forming an L shape that remains narrow, only one and a half to two miles across ... Precipitation is variable – Port Townsend receives only 19 inches per year, while 90 inches annually fall at Skokomish. (From Encyclopedia of Puget Sound, 2021)

On the Kitsap Peninsula side of the Canal is drained by a series of small lowland rivers, from south to north: Union River, Mission Creek, Tahuya River, Rendsland Creek, Dewatto River, Anderson Creek, Seabeck Creek, and Big Beef Creek.

The Olympic Peninsula side of the Canal is drained by a series of steep rivers, starting with the Skokomish River at the southern hook, and from there to the north: Hamma Hamma River, Duckabush River, Dosewallips River, Big and Little Quilcene Rivers, and a series of lowland creeks in Jefferson County, Tarboo Creek, Thorndyke Creek, and Shine Creek and from there into the lowland creeks of Admiralty Inlet.

Hood Canal is covered by Mason County, Jefferson County, and Kitsap County, with no large urban areas in the watershed, however the Bangor Navy Reservation is a significant area of development. These are the usual and accustomed areas of the Skokomish Indian Nation and Port Gamble S'Klallam Tribe as well as the Jamestown S'Klallam Tribe.

"Water circulation in the Canal is a serious issue. The average depth is only 177 feet, but it reaches a maximum depth of 600 feet, and circulation is poor, especially in the southern portion. Water from the Strait of Juan de Fuca mixes poorly due to an underwater sill south of the Hood Canal Bridge, and freshwater entering the canal often forms a layer at the surface. Algal blooms reduce dissolved oxygenthe level of oxygen gas present in water, indicating its ability to support aquatic life., providing a poor habitat for marine species. However, fisheries and aquaculture are economically important to the region, and the Canal is famous for its oysters and other shellfish species. Many salmon populations, including an evolutionarily significant unit of summer chum, spawn in the streams of Hood Canal and migrate through on their way to other waters. The Hood Canal region is less developed than other Puget Sound basins, and around 90 percent of the drainage area is forested. The shoreline is the most utilized, with an estimated 33 percent modified by human activity." (From Encyclopedia of Puget Sound, 2021)

Notes

Restoration Overview

Pages using Hood Canal Category